The European Union has signed formal regional and urban policy cooperation agreements with: Brazil, Chile, Peru, Mexico, Colombia and Argentina.
In addition, it also has supra-national agreements in this area with organizations such as:
- Central American Integration System (SICA): whose members are Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.
- Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC): which encompasses 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Among the EU-Latin America cooperation projects the following stand out:
|AL-INVEST||1994-2018||Financing to improve the productivity and competitiveness of micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises in Latin America and fostering economic relations within the region and with the EU.||Urban Development|
|RED Project||2010-2013||Support in the process of building Regional Innovation Strategies in Chile||Regional innovation|
|URBELAC||2011-2017||Platform to promote exchanges between cities facing similar challenges through the exchange of knowledge, experiences, good practices and lessons learned and to conceive integrated development processes (31 cities)||Urban Development|
|International Urban Cooperation Program (IUC)||2016-2019||
Component 1 : Inter-city cooperation on sustainable urban development
Component 2 : Cooperation between cities in actions related to climate change with a focus on sustainable energy, based on the experience of the Covenant of Mayors of the EU.
Component 3: Cooperation between regions (sub-national entities) regarding innovation.
1. Urban development
2. Urban development
3. Regional innovation
Based on the experience of the EU regional policy, it seeks to disseminate experiences and good practices, with special attention to cross-border areas:
Facilitate the pooling of information and lessons learned on promoting regional innovation systems, decentralized policies for innovation, competitiveness and smart specialization in Latin American countries: